Tense and aspect, although they are two different categories, always appear together. There are six tenses and two aspects in English. With reference to tense and aspect, we can speak about the following structures in practical usage. All English Tenses with Examples!
時態和體雖然是兩個不同的范疇,但總是同時出現的。英語有六個時態和兩個方面。關于時態和體,我們可以在實際使用中談一下以下結構。全英語時態舉例。

(Note: progressive aspect is often called continuous.)
(注:進行體通常稱為連續體。)

present simple
一般現在時

Tenses: Present Simple (present tense + common aspect)
時態:現在簡單(現在時態+共同體)

Affirmative
肯定句

Affirmative: Subject + Base Form of the Verb
肯定句:主語+動詞的基本形式

*note: for 3rd Person Singular (he/ she/ it) add ‘s’ to the base form
*注:對于第三人稱單數(he/she/it),在基表中添加“s”

I/ You/ We/ They work in a bank.
我/你/我們/他們在銀行工作。

He/ She works in a bank.
他/她在銀行工作。

Negative
否定句

Negative: Subject + don’t/ doesn’t + Base Form of the Verb
動詞:主語+don’t/ doesn’t +動詞的基本形式

I/ You/ We/ They don’t (do not) work.
我/你/我們/他們不工作。

He/ She/ It doesn’t (does not) work.
他/她/它不起作用。

InterrogativeInterrogative: Question Word + do/does + Subject + Base Form of the Verb
疑問句:疑問詞+do/does+主語+動詞的基本形式

Where do I/ you/we/they work?
我/你/我們/他們在哪里工作?

Where does he/ she work?
他/她在哪里工作?

1. Usual, regular action:
1.常規的動作:

I usually go fishing at weekends. I don’t go fishing at weekends. Do I go fishing at weekends?/You always know the answer. You don’t always know the answer. Do you always know the answer?/She never puts milk in her tea. She doesn’t put milk in her tea./Does she ever put milk in her tea?/My father plays the violin. My father doesn’t play the violin. Does your father play the violin?
/We sometimes go to the cinema on Friday. We don’t go to the cinema on Friday. Do we go to the cinema on Fridays?/They never walk in the wood. They don’t walk in the wood. Do they walk in the wood?
我通常周末去釣魚。我周末不去釣魚。我周末去釣魚嗎?/你總是知道答案。你并不總是知道答案。你總是知道答案嗎?/她從不在茶里放牛奶。她不在茶里放牛奶。/她在茶里放過牛奶嗎?/我父親拉小提琴。我父親不會拉小提琴。你父親拉小提琴嗎?/我們有時星期五去看電影。我們星期五不去看電影。我們星期五去看電影嗎?/他們從不在樹林里走。他們不在樹林里走。他們在樹林里散步嗎?

2. General existence; stating a fact:
2.普遍存在;陳述事實:

An ostrich has two legs. A rabbit doesn’t have two legs. How many legs does a spider have?/The earth goes round the sun. The sun doesn’t go round the earth. Does the moon go round the earth?/Water is liquid at room temperature. Gold isn’t liquid at room temperature. Is gold solid at room temperature?
鴕鳥有兩條腿。兔子沒有兩條腿。一只蜘蛛有幾條腿?/地球繞太陽轉。太陽不繞地球轉。月亮繞地球轉嗎?/水在室溫下是液態的。金在室溫下不是液體。金在室溫下是固態的嗎?

3. Dramatic narrative (theatre, sports, etc. events):
3.戲劇敘事(戲劇、體育等活動):

Johnson takes the ball, he bounces it to the floor, then he throws and scores two points.
約翰遜接過球,把球彈到地板上,然后投進并得到2分。

4. Timetables
4.時間表

The train leaves at half past four. The train doesn’t leave at five. What time does the train leave?/The course starts on 1 July. The course doesn’t start in June. When does the course start?
火車四點半開。火車五點不發車。火車什么時候開?/課程從7月1日開始。課程不會在六月份開始。課程什么時候開始?

present progressive
現在進行時

Present Progressive (present tense + progressive aspect)
現在進行時(現在時+進行體)

Affirmative: Subject + BE + Verb-ING
肯定:主語+BE+動詞ING

You are cooking.
你在做飯。

Negative: Subject + BE not + Verb-ING
否定:主語+非主語+動詞ING

You aren’t (are not) cooking.
你不是在做飯。

Interrogative: Question Word + BE + Subject + Verb-ING
疑問句:疑問詞+BE+主語+動詞ING

What are you cooking?
你正在做什么飯?

1. Action happening now:
1.正在進行的動作:

I’m watching a film on TV now. I‘m not watching a film. Am I watching a film?/Watch out, a car’s coming. It isn’t not coming. Is it coming?/The boys are sleeping upstairs. They boys aren’t sleeping upstairs. Are the boys sleeping upstairs?
我正在電視上看電影。我沒在看電影。我在看電影嗎?/小心,有車來了。不會來的。它來了嗎?/孩子們正在樓上睡覺。他們不是在樓上睡覺。孩子們在樓上睡覺嗎?

2. Action happening about this time, but not necessarily now:
2.行動發生在這個時候,但不一定是現在:

He‘s studying Spanish and German. He‘s not studying French. What languages is he studying?/They‘re going to a business course. They aren’t going to a cooking course. What course are they going to?/You‘re visiting museums while you’re here. You‘re not visiting factories.? Are you visiting museums in our city?
他在學西班牙語和德語。他沒有學法語。他在學什么語言?/他們要去上商業課。他們不去上烹飪課。他們要上什么課?/你來的時候正在參觀博物館。你不去參觀工廠。你在參觀我們城市的博物館嗎?

3. Definite arrangement in the near future:
3.近期明確安排:

I‘m travelling to Paris tomorrow. I‘m not travelling to Paris tomorrow. Am I travelling to Paris tomorrow?/My son is taking his girlfriend to dinner tonight. My son isn’t taking his girlfriend to dinner tonight. Is he taking his girlfriend to dinner tonight?/You‘re going to Italy on holiday this year, aren’t you? You aren’t going to Greece. Where are you going on holiday this year?
我明天要去巴黎旅行。我明天不去巴黎了。我明天要去巴黎嗎?/我兒子今晚要帶他女朋友去吃飯。我兒子今晚不帶他女朋友去吃飯。他今晚要帶女朋友去吃飯嗎?/你今年要去意大利度假,是嗎?你不會去希臘的。今年你打算去哪里度假?

past simple
一般過去時

Tenses: Past Simple (past tense + common aspect)
時態:過去式(過去式+共同體)

Affirmative: Subject + Verb in Past Simple (2nd form)
肯定:過去式簡單句中的主語+動詞(第二種形式)

I/ You/ He/ She/ It/ We/ They lived in London ten years ago.
我/你/他/她/它/我們/他們十年前住在倫敦。

Negative: Subject + didn’t (did not) + Base Form of the Verb
否定:主語+不(不)動詞的基本形式

I/ You/ He/ She/ It/ We/ They didn’t like the film.
我/你/他/她/它/我們/他們不喜歡這部電影。

Interrogative: Question Word + did + subject + Base Form of the Verb
疑問句:疑問詞+did+主語+動詞基本形式

Where did I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ they meet Richard?
我/你/他/她/它/我們/他們在哪里見過理查德?

Actions, events in the past:
過去的行動、事件:

I had lunch with Mrs Robinson yesterday. I didn’t have lunch with Mrs Robinson yesterday. Did I have lunch with Mrs Robinson yesterday?/Mother went to work on Tuesday. Mother didn’t go to work on Tuesday. Did Mother go to work on Tuesday?/You did the shopping this morning. You didn’t do the shopping this morning. Where did you do the shopping this morning?/She travelled to Spain last year. She didn’t travel anywhere last year. Where did she travel last year?
我昨天和羅賓遜太太吃了午飯。我昨天沒有和羅賓遜太太一起吃午飯。我昨天和羅賓遜太太吃午飯了嗎?/媽媽星期二去上班了。媽媽星期二沒去上班。媽媽星期二去上班了嗎?/你今天早上去買東西了。你今天早上沒去買東西。今天早上你在哪里買的東西?/她去年去了西班牙。她去年哪兒也沒去旅行。她去年去哪兒旅行了?

Past Progressive
過去進行式

Tenses: Past Progressive (past tense + progressive aspect)
時態:過去進行時(過去時+進行體)

Affirmative: Subject + was/ were + Verb-ING
時態:過去進行時(過去時+進行體)

I/He/She was having a shower when you called.
你打電話的時候我/他/她正在洗澡。

We/ You/ They were watching TV when Bob arrived.
鮑勃到達時我們/你/他們正在看電視。

Negative: Subject + wasn’t (was not)/ weren’t (were not) + Verb-ING
否定:主語+wasn’t (was not)/ weren’t (were not) +動詞ING

I/ He/ She wasn’t having a shower when you called.
你打電話的時候我/他/她沒有洗澡。

We/ You/ They weren’ watching TV when Bob arrived.
鮑勃來的時候我們/你/他們正在看電視。

Interrogative: Question word + was/ were + Verb-ING
疑問句:疑問詞+was/were+動詞ING

What were you doing when Bob arrived?/What was she doing when you called?
鮑勃來的時候你在干什么?/你打電話的時候她在干什么?

Action in progress in the past:
過去正在采取的行動:

I was working in the garden when my sister arrived. I wasn’t working in the garden when my sister arrived. Was I working in the garden when my sister arrived?/We were watching a film at ten last night. We weren’t watching a film at ten last night. Were we watching film at ten last night?/She was playing with the kids from eight to nine. She wasn’t playing with the kids from eight to nine. Who was she playing with?
我姐姐來的時候我正在花園里干活。我姐姐來的時候我不在花園里干活。我姐姐來的時候我正在花園里干活嗎?/昨晚十點我們在看電影。昨晚十點我們沒在看電影。昨晚十點我們在看電影嗎?/她從八點到九點和孩子們一起玩。她從八點到九點都沒和孩子們玩。她在和誰玩?

Present Perfect Simple (present perfect tense + common aspect)
一般現在完成時(現在完成時+共同體)

Affirmative: Subject + have/ has + Past Participle (3rd Form of the Verb)
肯定:主語+have/ has+過去分詞(動詞的第三種形式)

I/ You/ We/ They have finished the letter.
我/你/我們/他們已經寫完了這封信。

He/ She has finished the letter.
他/她已經寫完了信。

Negative: Subject + haven’t (have not)/ hasn’t (has not) + Past Participle
否定:主語+have't(have not)/have't(has not)+過去分詞

Negative
否定

I/ You/ We/ They haven’t finished the letter.
我/你/我們/他們還沒寫完這封信。

He/ She hasn’t finished the letter.
他/她還沒寫完信。

Interrogative: Question Word + have/ has + Past Participle
疑問句:疑問詞+have/ has+過去分詞

Have I/ you/we/ they finished the letter?
我/你/我們/他們寫完信了嗎?

Has he/she finished the letter?
他/她寫完信了嗎?

1. Action with a result:
1.有結果的行動:

Sorry, I‘ve parked at the wrong place. I haven’t parked at the wrong place. Have I parked at the wrong place?/You‘ve (already) printed the letters. You haven’t printed the letters (yet). Have you printed the letters (yet)?/We‘ve (already) done the rooms. We haven’t done the rooms yet. Have we done the rooms (yet)?/He has already repaired the lawn-mower. He hasn’t repaired the lawn-mower yet. Has he repaired the lawn-mower yet?
對不起,我把車停錯地方了。我沒把車停錯地方。我停錯地方了嗎?/你已經把信打印出來了。你還沒有把信打印出來。你把信打印出來了嗎?/我們已經把房間整理好了。我們還沒有整理房間。我們整理房間了嗎?/他已經修好了割草機。他還沒修好割草機。他修好割草機了嗎?

2. Action in incomplete time:
2.不完全時間內的行動:

Our friends have visited us four times this summer. Our friends haven’t visited us this summer. How many times have our friends visited us this summer?/I‘ve been to the cinema a lot lately. I haven’t been to the cinema lately. Have I been to the cinema lately?
/You‘ve been on holiday this year. You haven’t been on holiday this year. Have you been on holiday this year?
我們的朋友今年夏天來過我們四次。我們的朋友今年夏天沒有來看我們。今年夏天我們的朋友來過我們幾次?/我最近常去看電影。我最近沒去看電影。我最近去看電影了嗎?/你今年休假了。你今年沒有休假。你今年休假了嗎?

3. Action in the past without saying when:
過去的行動,不說何時:

Jane has already been to Italy. Jane has never been to Italy. Has Jane ever been to Italy?/You have already swum in this lake. You haven’t swum in this lake yet. Have you ever swum in this lake?/You‘ve been to the hairdresser’s. You haven’t been to the hairdresser’s. Where have you been?
簡已經去過意大利了。簡從未去過意大利。簡去過意大利嗎?/你已經在這個湖里游泳了。你還沒在這個湖里游泳。你在這個湖里游泳過嗎?/你去過理發店。你沒去過理發店。你去哪兒了?

4. Action beginning in the past and still continuing:
4.過去開始并仍在繼續的行動:

The Simpsons have lived here for eight years. The Simpsons haven’t lived here for long. How long have the Simpsons lived here?/He has driven a car since 2002. He hasn’t driven a car since 2002. Has he driven a car since 2002?/You‘ve worked here for two years. You haven’t worked here for two years. How long have you worked here?
辛普森一家已經在這里住了八年了。辛普森一家在這里住的時間不長。辛普森一家在這里住了多久?/他從2002年起就開始開車了。他從2002年起就沒開過車。他從2002年起就開車了嗎?/你在這里工作兩年了。你兩年沒在這里工作了。你在這里工作多久了?

Present Perfect Progressive
現在完成進行時

Present Perfect Progressive (present perfect tense + progressive aspect)
現在完成進行體(現在完成時+進行體)

Affirmative: Subject + have/ has been + Verb-ING
肯定:主語+have/have been+動詞ING

I/ you/ We/ They have been learning English for a year.
我/你/我們/他們已經學了一年英語了。

He/ She has been learning English for a year.
他/她已經學了一年英語了。

Negative: Subject + haven’t/hasn’t been + Verb-ING
否定:主語+haven't/haven't been+動詞ING

I/ You/ We/ They haven’t been playing tennis for a long time.
我/你/我們/他們很久沒打網球了。

He/ She hasn’t been playing tennis for a long time.
他/她很久沒打網球了。

Interrogative: Question Word + have/ has + Subject + been Verb-ING
疑問句:疑問詞+have/has+主語+been動詞ING

How long have I/ you/ we/ they been learning English?
我/你/我們/他們學英語多久了?

How long has he/ she been learning English?
他/她學英語多久了?

Action beginning in the past and still continuing (with the progress emphasized):
過去開始并仍在繼續的行動(強調進展):

They‘ve been staying in this hotel for ten days. They haven’t been staying in this hotel for ten days. Have they been staying in this hotel for ten days?/He has been mowing the lawn all this morning. He hasn’t been mowing the lawn all this morning. How long has he been mowing the lawn?/You‘ve been missing classes lately. You haven’t been coming to class lately. What have you been doing lately?
他們已經在這家旅館住了十天了。他們已經十天沒在這家旅館住了。他們在這家旅館住了十天了嗎?/他整個上午都在修剪草坪。他整個上午都沒在修剪草坪。他修剪草坪多久了?/你最近缺課了。你最近沒來上課。你最近在干什么?

Past Perfect Simple
過去完成時

Past Perfect Simple (past tense + common aspect)
一般過去時(過去時+共同體)

Affirmative: Subject + had + Past Participle
肯定:主語+had+過去分詞

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They had already met Sarah before the party.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們在聚會前已經見過莎拉了。

Negative: Subject + hadn’t (had not) + Past Participle
否定:主語+沒有(沒有)+過去分詞

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They hadn’t met Sarah before the party.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們在聚會前沒見過莎拉。

Interrogative: Question Word + had + Subject + Past Participle
疑問句:疑問詞+有+主語+過去分詞

Had I/ you/ he/ she/ we/ they met Sarah before the party?
我/你/他/她/我們/他們在聚會前見過莎拉嗎?

Action in the past before another:
前車之鑒:

She said she had written three letters the day before. She said she hadn’t written any letters the day before. How many letters had she written the day before?/They had lived in York before they moved to Liverpool. They hadn’t lived in York before they moved to Liverpool. Where had they lived before they moved to Liverpool?/You‘d locked the door before you left. You hadn’t locked the door before you left. Had you locked the door before you left?
她說她前一天寫了三封信。她說她前一天沒有寫信。她前一天寫了多少封信?/他們搬到利物浦之前住在約克。他們搬到利物浦之前沒有住在約克。他們搬到利物浦之前住在哪里?/你走之前把門鎖上了。你走之前還沒鎖門。你走之前鎖門了嗎?

Past Perfect Progressive
過去完成進行時

Past Perfect Progressive (past perfect tense + progressive aspect)
過去進行時

Affirmative: Subject + had been + Verb-ING
肯定:主語+had been+動詞ING

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They had been living in German for years before? moving here.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們在搬到這里之前已經在德國住了好幾年了。

Negative: Subject + hadn’t been + Verb-ING
否定詞:主語+不曾是+動詞ING

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They hadn’t been living in Germany for a long time before moving here.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們在搬到這里之前很久沒有在德國生活了。

Interrogative: Question Word + had + Subject + been Verb-ING
疑問句:疑問詞+had+主語+been動詞ING

How long had I/ you/ he/ she/ we/ they been living in Germany before moving here?
How long had I/ you/ he/ she/ we/ they been living in Germany before moving here?

Action in the past before another (with the progress emphasized):
前車之鑒(強調進步):

He said he had been mowing the lawn all that morning. He said he hadn’t been mowing the lawn all that morning. How long had he been moving the lawn when you met him?/They had been working for the same company for a long time before they changed jobs. They hadn’t been working for the same company for a long time before they changed jobs. Had they been working for the same company for a long time before they changed jobs?/They had been? living in York before they moved to Liverpool. They hadn’t been living in York before they moved to Liverpool. How long had they been living in York before they moved to Liverpool?
他說那天早上他一直在修剪草坪。他說那天早上他沒有在修剪草坪。你見到他時,他搬草坪多久了?/他們在換工作之前在同一家公司工作了很長時間。他們在換工作之前,很久沒有在同一家公司工作了。他們在換工作之前在同一家公司工作了很長時間嗎?/他們搬到利物浦之前一直住在約克。他們搬到利物浦之前并不住在約克。他們搬到利物浦之前在約克住了多久?

Future Simple
將來時態

Future Simple (future tense + common aspect)
將來式(將來時態+共同部分)

Affirmative: Subject + Will + Base Form of the Verb
肯定:主語+will+動詞的基本形式

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They will see Jane when she comes back from India.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們會在簡從印度回來時見到她。

Negative: Subject + Won’t (will not) + Base Form of the Verb
否定:主語+不會(will not)+動詞的基本形式

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They won’t see Jane when she comes back from India.
簡從印度回來時我/你/他/她/我們/他們不會見到她。

Interrogative: Question Word + Will + Subject + Base Form of the Verb
疑問句:疑問詞+意志+主語+動詞基本形式

Will I/ you/ he/ she/ we/ they see Jane when she comes back from India?
簡從印度回來后,我/你/他/她/我們/他們會見到她嗎?

Fact, action or event in the future:
未來的事實、行動或事件:

I will be thirty years old next year. I won’t be thirty years old again. Will I be thirty years old again?/We‘ll meet them at the station at six. We won’t meet them at the station. Where will we meet them?/You‘ll cross the channel by ferry. You won’t cross the channel. How will you cross the channel?
明年我就三十歲了。我不會再過三十歲了。我還會再過三十歲嗎?/我們六點在車站等他們。我們不會在車站見他們。我們在哪里見他們?/你將乘渡船橫渡英吉利海峽。你不會過海峽的。你怎么過海峽?

Future Progressive
進步的未來

Future Progressive (future tense + progressive aspect)
將來進行體(將來時+進行體)

Affirmative: Subject + Will Be + Verb-ING
肯定:主語+will be+動詞ING

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They will be having fun at the party.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們將在聚會上玩得很開心。

Negative: Subject + Won’t Be + Verb-ING
否定:主語+不會是+動詞ING

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They won’t be having fun at the party.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們在聚會上不會玩得很開心。

Interrogative: Question Word + Will + Subject + Be Verb-ING
疑問句:疑問詞+會+主語+動詞ING

Will I/ you/ he/ she/ we/ they be having fun at the party?
我/你/他/她/我們/他們會在聚會上玩得開心嗎?

Action in progress at a given time of the future:
在未來特定時間進行中的行動:

This time tomorrow we will be flying to Los Angeles. We won’t be flying to New York. Where will we be flying?You‘ll be doing /housework with me at six tomorrow. You won’t be playing football. What will you be doing at six tomorrow?/I‘ll be playing tennis from seven to nine. I won’t be playing tennis at six. When will I be playing tennis?
明天這個時候我們將飛往洛杉磯。我們不會坐飛機去紐約。我們將飛往哪里?明天六點你將和我一起做家務。你不會去踢足球了。明天六點你要做什么?/我將從七點到九點打網球。我六點不打網球。我什么時候打網球?

Future Perfect Simple
將來完成時

Future Perfect Simple (future perfect tense + common aspect)
將來完成時態+共同部分

Affirmative: Subject + Will Have + Past Participle
肯定:主語+將有+過去分詞

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They will have met Dora’s husband by this time tomorrow.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們明天這個時候就會見到多拉的丈夫了。

Negative: Subject + Won’t Have + Past Participle
否定:主語+Won’t Have+過去分詞

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They won’t have met Dora’s husband by this time tomorrow.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們明天這個時候還沒見過朵拉的丈夫。

Interrogative: Question Word + Will + Subject + Have + Past Participle
疑問句:疑問詞+Will +主語+有+過去分詞

Will you have met Dora’s husband by this time tomorrow?
明天這個時候你會見到朵拉的丈夫嗎?

Action completed by a given time of the future:
在未來給定時間完成的操作:

I will have done this work by the end of next week. I won’t have done this work by the end of next week. Will I have done this work by the end of next week?/They‘ll have arrived by the time we return. They won’t have arrived by the time we return. Will they have arrived by the time we return?/She will have taken three exams by next Tuesday. She won’t have taken any exams by next Tuesday. How many exams will she have taken by next Tuesday?
我將在下周末之前完成這項工作。到下周末我還沒有完成這項工作。到下周末我能完成這項工作嗎?/我們回來時他們已經到了。我們回來時他們還沒到。我們回來時他們會到嗎?/到下周二她將參加三次考試。到下星期二她不會參加任何考試。到下星期二她將參加幾次考試?

Future Perfect Progressive
將來完成進行時

Future Perfect Progressive (future perfect tense + progressive aspect)
將來完成進行體(將來完成時+進行體)

Affirmative: Subject + Will Have Been + Verb-ING
肯定:主語+ Will Have Been+動詞ING

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They will have been working with John for ten years next week.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們下周將與約翰共事十年。

Negative: Subject + Won’t Have Been + Verb-ING
否定:主語+Won’t Have Been+動詞ING

I/ You/ He/ She/ We/ They won’t have been working with John for ten years next week.
我/你/他/她/我們/他們下星期就不會和約翰共事十年了。

Interrogative: Question Word + Will + Subject + Have Been + Verb-ING
疑問句:疑問詞+ Will+主語+一直+動詞ING

How long will I/ you/ he/ she/ we/ they have been working with John next week?
我/你/他/她/我們/他們下周和約翰一起工作多久?

Action completed by or still in progress at a given time of the future (with the progress emphasized):
在未來某一特定時間完成或仍在進行的行動(強調進展):

We will have been staying here for a week tomorrow. We won’t have been staying here for a week tomorrow. How long will we have been staying here?/You will have been living here for thirty years by this time next year.? You won’t have been living here for thirty years by this time next year How long will you have been living here by this time next year?/I‘ll have been playing the guitar for ten years by next year. I won’t have been playing the guitar for ten years by next year. How long will I have been playing the guitar?
明天我們將在這里呆一個星期。明天我們就不會在這里呆一個星期了。我們要在這里呆多久?/到明年這個時候你已經在這里住了三十年了。到明年這個時候你已經在這里住了三十年了,明年這個時候你在這里住多久了?/到明年我已經彈了十年吉他了。到明年我就不會彈十年吉他了。我彈吉他要多久?